Do you know what QA Testing is in a software development environment?
This post is an eye-opener and will make you discover why QA tests are so important in the actual development of any product.
What QA testing means?
For those wondering what QA stands for, QA stands for Quality Assurance, and quality assurance testing is the entire process involved in making sure the final product of development is of the highest possible quality.
Some issues that quality assurance testing handles include: bugs, errors, and finding areas in which a final product falls short judging from the original requirement of the product.
In any software development task, QA is important.
Why QA testing is necessary?
QA testing is necessary to ensure that you’re sending a product that does what it was meant to do into the market. There are more ways in which QA is important than an average user can understand. A properly done QA test can save your brand’s reputation, money, and security threats. With quality assurance, you can block loopholes that hackers can exploit. The whole purpose of QA is to ensure the product’s quality.
Which tasks are performed by QA specialists?
A QA specialist possesses the special skills needed for testing a product. Some specific task done by a QA specialist includes designing and carrying out QA manual testing (or automated QA testing), finding errors, tracking defect densities and open defect counts, creating automation testing scripts, and designing a well-structured plan among others.
In LoopStudio we care about the functionality of a product and the overall user experience that QA teams bring to the table.
Also, clients need QA testers because they are capable of reducing the total expense of the project by searching for issues and loopholes in the platform.
Types of QA software testing
There isn’t just one way to test a product before launch.
Below, you will find some ways software QA tests are done compared with their counterpart.
1. Manual vs Automatic
Manual testing is one of the types of QA testing.
With manual testing, a QA analyst carries out the test one after the other. This is usually used to catch errors before the product is live. Automation testing involves the use of testing tools and scripts in an attempt to automate the testing process.
2. Functional vs non-functional
These types of testing take an approach from a human point of view. Functional QA tests are carried out based on the business owner’s requirements. Non-functional QA tests are carried out based on performance and the expectations of the business owner’s customers.
Quality Assurance process guide
Before you set out to test a new product, there are basic requirements you must know and understand. Pick a pen and write out the requirement for the particular software you intend to test.
Ensure requirements are complete, coherent, verifiable, practical, consistent, can be tested, and do not conflict with one another.
Some prerequisite to remember includes business goals, use case, quality attributes, and business rules. Know what a product is made for, and what it’s meant to do, and check if it gets the job done.
- Develop a test plan
One of the skills needed by a QA specialist is the ability to develop test plans that are unique for their use case (although junior testers don’t usually write them).
Once a QA analyst understands the requirements of a product, he can now seamlessly develop real-world testing scenarios to check the quality of a product. With the development of a test plan comes the need for documentation.
Documentation in QA helps analysts see what they need to do. Technically, you have started documentation right from the stage you begin gathering requirements for your testing project. Nevertheless, official documentation is required after you have developed a test plan.
A comprehensive step-by-step plan and the desired outcome make you see the bigger picture and help you focus on what you need to do next. Test coverage, execution process, basic terminologies, test cases, and essential list items specifically needed for a particular test process are all that go into documentation.
- Execution of the test plan
The next step in a quality assurance process is executing the plan as described in the project’s documentation. Once prerequisites are gathered and every member of the QA team understands what is meant to work and how it’s meant to work, a comprehensive plan is developed and documented. After documentation, this plan can now be carried out immediately.
This is the stage where QA analysts begin using QA testing tools to run tests, track metrics, read results, and sometimes write codes.
- Meet for evaluation
Once a QA team believes testing is completed using the Exit Criteria and all defects have been fixed (or partially fixed for production), the entire team involved in the development of the software needs to meet for evaluation.
Each member of the team already knows what the product is meant to do and how it’s meant to do it. This evaluation is to ensure the product stays true to its purpose.
Best QA Testing Tools
Among the items that go into documentation are tools for QA testing.
Quality Assurance testing tools are software that assists QA analysts in planning, gathering prerequisites, building and executing the test, logging defects, and test analysis among others. Quality Assurance testing tools help make the work of a QA specialist easier to accomplish.
Here are the three best QA testing tools:
Testim is a chrome extension that records users’ actions. This is how this QA testing tool carries out tests. Testing is a low-code application meaning you can always write your own script when needed to tweak one function or the other.
This quality assurance testing tool comes with a visual editor that allows QA analysts to rearrange the steps recorded by the chrome extension, create groups that can be reused later on, and add scripts to create loops and conditions.
Testim test results can be viewed from the dashboard. It displays results for the last ten runs.
Unlike Testim which allows a bit of code, BugBug requires no code. This QA testing tool allows you to run a test from the cloud and within your browser. It allows you to schedule tests to run automatically and it lets you run fixes without a re-recording process.
BugBug can be integrated with several popular services like GitHub, GitLab, and BitBucket. This list can be expanded to a hundred more by integration with Zapier. This QA testing tool is perfect for startups and can be used without any knowledge of programming.
Kualitee is another QA testing tool. With a minimalist interface, this tool is perfect for beginners. It lets you collaborate with members of your own team, allows you to design an hypothesis, and lets you track important metrics.
This quality assurance testing tool has a mobile app which means you can easily access projects in the works anything, anywhere.
Keep in mind that the QA process is an important part of the development process. At LoopStudio, we have dedicated QA experts who work hard to ensure the quality of the product for our clients.
QA testers are a key part of each project and their job is detrimental to software development products.